Common Orthodontic Problems
When a person’s teeth or jaw structure do not fit together properly, orthodontic treatment may be necessary to straighten teeth and promote ideal function. These problems, often referred to as malocclusions (or “bad bites”), can cause speech difficulty, premature wear of the teeth and protective enamel, and even increase the chance of injury to teeth and jaw joints if left untreated.
Underbite: In an underbite, the lower jaw extends out, causing the lower front teeth to sit in front of the upper front teeth.
Spacing: Spacing problems may be caused by missing teeth or they may only be a cosmetic issue.
Upper Front Teeth Protrusion: The appearance and function of your teeth are impacted by upper front teeth protrusion. It is characterized by the upper teeth extending too far forward or the lower teeth not extending far enough forward.
Crowding : Crowding occurs when teeth have insufficient room to erupt from the gums. Crowding can often be corrected by expansion, and many times, tooth removal can be avoided.
Crossbite: In a crossbite, the upper teeth sit inside the lower teeth. This may cause damage or excess wear to teeth, and misaligned jaw growth.
Overbite: In an overbite, the upper front teeth excessively extend down over the lower front teeth, sometimes causing the lower front teeth to bite into the roof of the mouth.
Openbite: Proper chewing is impacted by an openbite, in which the upper and lower front teeth do not overlap at all. Openbites may be caused by habits such as thumb sucking or tongue thrusting.
Midlines: Dental midlines that do not match are evident when the back part of the bite does not fit and match appropriately. This may negatively impact proper jaw and dental function.